Scientific researches carried out recently have revealed that children who are diagnosed with autism can learn to speak after 4 years of age. So what can you do to make sure that the autistic child is open to communication and learning to speak? How can you give toilet training in this process? In this article, Special Deep Education and Child Rehabilitation Center explained 7 methods you can apply and suggestions on toilet training.
What needs to be done to support the autistic child’s speaking ability?
1. Encourage your child to play and social interaction.
Children learn through games and this includes language learning. Gaming activities that occur in a mutual interaction will offer you and your child a pleasant opportunity to communicate. You can offer social communication opportunities by developing games your child will enjoy. For example, you can sing and rhyme. During the game, go in front of your child and take position at eye level, this position will make it easier for your child to see and hear you.
2. Imitate your child.
Repeating your child’s voices and gaming behaviors will encourage him to make more voices and communicate. Your child will imitate you on this. For example, when your child is driving a toy car, do the same, or do the same when you crash your car one by one; but do not repeat it when you throw your car.
3. Focus on non-verbal communication.
Movements and eye contact are the basis for language. Use both your body and voice to communicate; but the body and sound must complement each other at the same time. For example, point to your hand to look at, or say yes, move your head down. Respond to your child’s movements by applauding, by hand, or by reaching out to their arms. If you are looking at or pointing to a game, immediately give it to him.
How should the toilet training of the autistic child be?
Another problem we have frequently encountered with autism in recent times is undoubtedly ” toilet training ”. This problem becomes even more complicated for our children who have acquired autism, especially those who can not communicate with social and verbal communication. Children who are diagnosed with autism do not seem to be very positive about the changes that would disrupt their daily routines. This includes cloth attachment habit. It is even more difficult to give toilet habits to children who have difficulty in verbal communication. In such situations, children are also increasingly concerned about toilet habits. Seven important strategies that can be implemented during toilet training are foreground;
Use clear language in clear and simple pictures. For example; use short, clear and sympathetic expressions such as ‘toilet time’ instead of long, complicated phrases.
Do not delay wearing underwear. Today’s diapers are okadary, and sometimes they do not even notice that they wet their bottoms. If you wear underwear in your child, the wetness will disturb him and accelerate the acquisition of toilet habits.
When you wet your child with gold, do not overreact, do the necessary cleaning, and briefly close the door by indicating that you will be pleased to go to the toilet.
Reward yourself before time runs out. The award given immediately after successful behavior strengthens behavior. We mentioned above how important your image is. For example; putting a picture of your child’s favorite toy on your toilet next to the toilet, showing it with an arrow, and using the toilet as a reward will reinforce your behavior in the picture. The important thing here is that you reward even the smallest achievement in the beginning. If even a single drop of water is raised, it must be rewarded immediately.
Use the award as a communication tool. For example; your child may not understand ” if you make a toilet a toilet you can buy a toy car ”. In this case, you should increase your child’s success and reward potential. One day when you are at home, increase your child’s fluid consumption, which will increase the likelihood of going to the toilet, and reward them with a single drop that has been successfully raised, as we have mentioned above. Of course, you are likely to encounter many accidents; but keep track of accidents and successes for a few days without disturbing your motivation, thus setting the period of need for toiletries so you can expand your range of motion. What we find useful in expressing once again is that the award comes immediately after success so that your child can understand what you have received for the award.
Encourage communication with your child who can not communicate verbally. Watch your child’s behavior. Some behaviors may indicate the need for toilet. For example, your child can look at the toilet door, play with the belt, or point the phone at a toilet seat. The important thing here is that your child can tell you with some signs by understanding how a full urine bag looks like. There will also be a reward for the comfort that the urine bag has given away. Families, caregivers and therapists should pay attention to their behavior immediately before the child does the toilet.
In case of need, professional help must be obtained. Timely interventions will accelerate and facilitate your results.